The European technical standard EN-13814, published for the first time in 2004, includes a series of documents that the manufacturer must prepare during the design and manufacturing process of the amusement ride and which are also necessary to carry out the first approval.
Every nation in Europe has applied this rule differently by providing more or less complete controls and more or less accurate checks. For example, many operators know that the approval procedure in Germany is more complete than in other countries.
Recently also the other European nations are progressively updating their own procedures getting closer and closer to the highest standards, even when it deals with the approval of a second hand attraction.
In addition to this, the technical standard EN-13814 has been also adopted by more than 40 countries in the world and therefore also many other non-European nations are updating their procedures to carry out the first approval.
As a consequence of this, it becomes increasingly important that even second hand rides for sale have a complete documentation that allows the buyer to easily carry out the first approval in his own country.
THE USE AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
This document is usually created by the manufacturer of the attraction and must contain, as a minimum, all useful information for the installation, the safe use of the attraction with the public, the ordinary and extraordinary maintenance activities, the daily checks, the procedures of evacuation to be implemented in case of emergency, wiring diagrams and hydraulic and pneumatic layouts.
For an attraction of medium/large size, this manual can even reach 100/200 pages.
THE STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
This document is a technical report necessary to verify the resistance of the metal structure to the static and dynamic loads generated during the use of attraction with the public. This report is usually carried out by an expert engineer with experience in the analysis of complex structures and in amusement rides.
The report must contain the 3D modeling of the components of the carousel created with software that can identify the most stressed areas during operation (an example below).
The report must also contain the verification of passengers’ safety systems, of hydraulic cylinders to be used also during the installation phases and the transmission system.
Depending on the type of attraction and the quality process of the manufacturer, these technical reports can be more or less detailed and more or less complete.
For an attraction of medium / large size, this technical report can reach up to 300/400 pages.
MANUFACTURING QUALITY PROCESS
Over the past 20 years, the processes required by the manufacturers to ensure high quality production of metal structures have changed a lot.
The minimum requirements provide for the manufacturer to purchase steel with an appropriate quality certificate, that welders are certified for the welding process used, that specialized technicians constantly check the manufacturing phases, making also sure that the necessary nondestructive tests on weldings are performed.
All evidences of this must be collected in a book and given to the first buyer of the attraction.
PERIODIC WELDING TEST AND LOGBOOK CHECK
Every attraction must be checked every year by a technician following local laws. Generally, checks must be carried out on the most important welds to prove that the structure is suitable for use.
The logbook must contain details of every ordinary and extraordinary maintenance activity performed, including repairs and modifications made.
A copy of all this documentation, and above all, a copy of all non-destructive testing (NDT) of the welds must be delivered to the new buyer.
WHAT SHOULD I DO?
In reality this description has been greatly simplified, since important documents are many more than what described here. Moreover, it is very important to check how complete they are and according to what technical standard they have been performed.
So if you plan to sell your attraction, the first thing you need to do is to scan ALL THE DOCUMENTS you have and have them analyzed by a specialized agent.
- THE USE AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
- THE STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
- PERIODIC WELDING TEST
- FIRST APPROVAL
- PERIODIC APPROVALS
To do this, go to a shop that makes photocopies and ask that these documents be digitized in PDF format. Large drawings instead are photographed in general and in detail.
If some documents are missing, it will be possible to request a copy to the manufacturer who will generally make them available for a fee.
Fabbri Rides is a specialized agent for the sale of used rides and in the evaluation of all technical documents. For more information contact us as: firstname.lastname@example.org